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吉林快≡走势图:2016廣東省適應性考試英語試卷(含答案)

吉林快三走势图表跨度 www.dkkczn.com.cn 試卷類型 A

2016 年適應性測試(英語)
第I卷
第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分 40 分)
第一節(共 15 小題;每小題 2 分,滿分 30 分) 閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的四個選項中,選出最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該選項涂黑。

A A Guide to the Library’s Facilities To use or reserve the facilities of the library, follow the procedures given at the circulation desk. Group Study Rooms (2F) Students and teaching staff can use these rooms for group study. Students are advised to use unlocked rooms (3 rooms for 2 people, 2 rooms for 4 people) available for free. When you use locked rooms (2 rooms for 4 people, 1 room for 10 people), you need to go through reservation procedures at the circulation desk. These rooms are available for group discussion. Individual Reading Rooms (1-3F) There are 4 single rooms available for use by teaching staff and visiting scholars. Each room is equipped with a computer together 1 printer and 6 scanners. Reservation of these rooms is available for a period up to seven days on end. Meeting Rooms and Seminar Rooms (1-3F) Only teaching staff and graduate students can apply to use these rooms and reserve them one day in advance. The total number of seats is 40. They are available for workshops and small seminars. Computer Rooms (4F) These rooms are available for classes or seminars and so on. The total number of seats is 88. Only teaching staff can apply to use the computer rooms and reserve them one day in advance. 21. How many locked rooms can students and teaching staff use? A. One C. Four A. a seminar room C. a group study room 23. Who can apply to use the computer rooms?
英語試卷 A 第 1 頁(共 8 頁)

B. Three D. Ten B. a computer room D. an individual reading room

22. If teachers want to print, they can go to ___________.

A. Teachers C. Graduate students B

B. Visiting scholars D. Teachers and students

From my earlier memory of Mother it somehow seemed quite natural to think of her as different, nor of everyday things as Father was. In those days he was a young-looking man. He did not hesitate to make friends with children as soon as they were able to talk to him and laugh at his stories. Mother was older than he was. She must have been a woman of nearly forty, but she seemed even older. She changed little for a long time, showing no indication of growing old at all until, towards the end of her life, she suddenly became an old lady. I was always inquisitive about Mother ’s age. She never had birthdays like other people, nor did anyone else in our family. No candles were ever lit or cakes made or presents given in our house. To my friends in the street who talked delightfully about their birthday parties, I would repeat my mother ’s words that such celebrations were only foolish. “Nothing but deception,” she would say. “As though life can be marked by birthdays. It’s deeds, not years, that matter.” Although I often repeated her words and even prided myself on not having birthdays, I once could not help asking Mother when she was born. “I was born. I’m alive as you can see, so what more do you want to know? ” she replied, so sharply that I never asked her about her age again. In so many other ways Mother was different. Whereas all the rest of the women I knew in the neighboring hoses took pride in their housewifely abilities, their new furniture, the neat appearance of their homes, Mother regarded all those things as of little importance. Our house always looked as if we had just moved in or were about to move out. 24. How did Father impress the author? A. He liked writing stories. C. He was a very young man. A. looked quite young C. looked younger than she was A. Certain B. Curious. B. He loved making friends. D. He was popular with children. B. looked like an old lady C. looked like a forty-year-old woman C. Cautious. C. She was proud. C It is only praise or punishment that determines a child’s level of confidence. There are
英語試卷 A 第 2 頁(共 8 頁)

25. Before the end of her life, Mother ___________.

26. What does the word “inquisitive” in Paragraph 2 probably mean? D. Confident. D. She was special 27. What do we learn about Mother? A. She was lazy. B. She was strict.

some other important ways we shape our kids-particularly by giving instructions and commands in a negative or positive choice of words. For example, we can say to a child “Don’t run into traffic!” pr “Stay on the footpath close to me.” In using the latter, you will be helping your kids to think and act positively, and to feel competent in a wide range of situations, because they know what to do, and aren’t scaring themselves about what not to do. Why does such a small thing make a difference? It is all in the way the human mind works. What we think, we automatically rehearse (預演). For example, if someone offered you a million dollars not to think of a blue monkey for two minutes, you wouldn’t be able to do it. When a child is told “Don’t fall off the tree,” he will think of two things: “don’t” and “fall off the tree”. That is, he will automatically create the picture of falling off the tree in his mind. A child who is vividly imagining falling off the tree is much more likely to fall off. So it is far better to use “Hold on to the tree carefully.” Clear, positive instructions help kids to understand the right way to do things. Kids do not always know how to be safe, or how to react to the warning of the danger in negative words. So parents should make their commands positive. “Sam, hold on firm to the side of the boat” is much more useful than “Don’t you dare to fall out of the boat? ” or worse still “How do you think I’ll feel if you drown?” The changes are small but the difference is obvious. Children learn how to guide and organize themselves from the way we guide them with our words, so it pays to be positive. 28. Positive choice of words helps kids to __________. A. do things carefully C. improve their imagination 29. What can we infer from Paragraph 2? A. A child will act on what is instructed B. One can’t help imagining what is heard. C. A child will fall off the tree when told not to. D. One won’t think of a blue monkey when given money. 30. Which of the following commands helps kids to be safe? A. Fasten your seat belt. B. Don’t play by the lake. C. How do you think I’ll feel if you get hurt? D. Don’t you dare to walk through the red light? 31. The main idea of the passage is that __________. A. praise makes kids confident C. clear commands make kids different
英語試卷 A

B. build up their confidence D. learn in different situations

B. right instructions keep kids safe D. choice of words can make a difference
第 3 頁(共 8 頁)

D In today’s consumer world, we’ve never had so much, yet it seems we’ve never been so unsatisfied. The cost of housing has been rising for decades, and the cost to the planet has been huge, too. But there is a way to live a simpler, greener, and more affordable life: buy a TinyDwelling home! TinyDwelling homes are very small, yet comfortable houses at affordable prices. Each TinyDwelling home has a contemporary design and included a living room, kitchen, bathroom, upstairs sleeping area, and convenient storage space. TinyDwelling homes are cheap to run and ecologically-friendly, too. All you need is a small heater to keep your house warm in cold weather, and solar panels (太陽能電池板) in order to provide light and electricity. TinyDwelling is part of the small-living movement that began in the late 1990s. Back then, a growing number of people began to live in very small homes. They wanted to reduce their possessions, living space, and energy costs, so as to lead more ecologically-friendly lives. But the small-living movement really took off after the economic crisis of 2008, when many people realized that they couldn ’t afford to keep large homes. Lizzy Morriaon, a small-living enthusiast, started TinyDwelling homes in 2008 to meet the needs of these people. Since then, Lizzy has been designing and building homes nonstop, and TinyDwelling homes have become so popular that thousands of people have bought one. And Lizzy hasn’t only designing and building houses. She has also been teaching people how to build them. Simply buy the plans and materials so that you can build your own home, and save even more money! 32. It is implied in Paragraph 1 that __________. A. rich people are very unsatisfied B. people are damaging the environment C. there are more poor people than before D. people spend much money in saving the planet 33. What do we know about the small-living movement? A. It aimed to handle the economic crisis. B. It was started by people without houses. C. It was well received by house designers. D. It did not become quite popular until 2008. 34. What is the main attraction of TinyDwelling homes? A. They are affordable. B. They provide storage space. C. They have upstairs sleeping area. D.they are equipped with solar panels.
英語試卷 A 第 4 頁(共 8 頁)

35. Besides designing TinyDwelling homes, Lizzy also ___________. A. urged people to buy them. B. helped people to build them. C. taught people to save money. D. offered courses to train designers.
第二節(共 5 小題:每小題 2 分,滿分 10 分) 根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

Most teens look forward to learning how to drive.

36

. Fortunately, there are

things that you can do to help your teen become more comfortable behind the wheel. Below are some tips for helping your teen become a more confident driver. ? 37 Before your teen gets behind the wheel of a car, he or she should be familiar with the rules of the road. You should have your teen review the driver ’s handbook and the vehicle’s instruction. If your teen understands the basic rules and how the car works, then he or she will feel a little better about getting on the road. ? Model good driving Actions speak louder than words. Many people will tell you that they learned how to drive by watching one of their close family members drive. ? Practice Practice makes perfect. The more your teen practices, the more confident he or she will become. Your teen should start off by driving in a place that is free of barriers. 39 ? . After your teen has gotten comfortable about this, he or she can start practicing on Drive in a variety of conditions In order for your teen to become a good driver, he or she has to practice driving in a variety of conditions. ? Get car insurance Many teens are worried about how much money their parents would have to pay if an accident occurred. You should explain to your teen that car insurance can help one save a lot of money. A. Teach your teen the rules of the road B. Everyone should be considerate of others on the road C. You should show good driving techniques with examples D. Let your teen finish school before he or she gets on the road E. An empty parking lo is a good place for a new driver to practice F. This includes things such as heavy traffic, bad weather and freeways G. However, some of them are nervous about actually getting out on the road
英語試卷 A 第 5 頁(共 8 頁)

38

.

the road.

40

.

第三部分 英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分 45 分)
第一節 完形填空 (共 20 小題:每小題 1.5 分,滿分 30 分) 閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的四個選項(A、B、C、D)中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳 選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。

Some adults spend a lot of time trying to stop children playing. They are usually people who think of play as being the time doing the 46 43 41 of work and therefore a waste of time. 42 44 must spend playing, and so For humans, work is a way of getting food to eat, and like humans, things. Regardless of this, children 45 do other young animals. It is quite for hours with a piece of paper. Hunting may be the most obvious skill only one. Lambs and goat kids play 47 48 in play, but it is far from being the , although they will never 50 52 51 49 is an that

to keep both a small child and a young cat

anything other than some grass. But for these young animals too, important part of learning. Sheep and goats are will keep them safe on the steepest rocks. 53 animals play, is not so different. 54 Running and skipping exercise young legs and develop a strong sense of

hill and mountain animals.

trees and catching flies are not 55 in these 56 ,

the most obvious training for the adult world, but the flexibility activities is similar to that required of a bus driver or businessman.

What we know about animals shows us that playing is a very good way of so maybe one of the best ways for playing is fun, but 58 57

to learn is also by playing. Children find 59 , and perhaps that is

notice that they are also learning at the same time. Most 60 to learn. C. basis C. parents C. dull C. enjoy C. reasonable C. amazed C. tested C. crazily C. learn C. play C. naturally C. distance C. Inspired by
第 6 頁(共 8 頁)

people continue to play games long after they have become because we rely so much on our 41. A. reward 42. A. animals 43. A. same 44. A. delay 45. A. possible 46. A. annoyed 47. A. kept 48. A. endlessly 49. A. hunt 50. A. jump 51. A. strangely 52. A. direction 53. A. Based on B. opposite B. children B. ordinary B. regret B. necessary B. alarmed B. practiced B. clumsily B. plant B. work B. initially B. space B. Compared with
英語試卷 A

D. nature D. cats D. chief D. ignore D. difficult D. amused D. required D. aggressively D. catch D. walk D. equally D. balance D. Developed form

54. A. Climbing 55. A. reduced 56. A. learning 57. A. adults 58. A. generally 59. A. mature 60. A. flexibility

B. Growing B. allowed B. exercising B. creatures B. hardly B. wise B. liberty

C. Watering C. damaged C. improving C. humans C. possibility C. athletic C. responsibility

D. Cutting D. needed D. growing D. students D. truly D. strong D. curiosity

第 II 卷
第三部分 英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分 45 分) 第二節 (共 10 小題:每小題 1.5 分,滿分 15 分) 閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入適當的內容(1 個單詞)或括號內單詞的正確形式。

Several years ago I was at a train station in Amsterdam waiting in line to buy a ticket. As I stood there I saw a young man asking people for money so that he could buy his breakfast. Most of the travelers simply 61 (ignore) the young man or gave 64 62 63 (he) a dirty look, yet a well-dressed middle-aged man reacted differently. When (approach) by the young man, the gentleman looked “How much will you need?” I couldn’t hear the gentleman pulled several 66 placed them in the young man’s hands. I don’t know whether the young man actually used the money for his breakfast or for 68 purposes. What I do know is that I witnessed two different reactions to the same 69 (be) either afraid or annoyed. And then I saw the 70 (care) in this situation. I saw people who 65

at him and quietly asked, 67 (calm)

the young man said but watched as

(note) from his wallet and

gentleman who was not afraid and treated the homeless young man as though he were a brother. I decided then and there that, even though we have to be world, I would rather be like the gentleman. 第四部分 寫作(共兩節,滿分 35 分)
第一節 短文改錯(共 10 小題;每小題 1 分,滿分 10 分) 假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文, 請你修改你同桌寫的一下作文。 文中共有 10 處語 言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。沒出錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。 增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧) ,并在其下面寫出該加的詞。 刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。 修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。 注意: 1. 沒出錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞; 2. 只允許修改 10 處,多者(從第 11 處起)不計分。
英語試卷 A 第 7 頁(共 8 頁)

I remember a first time when I saw my little sister Shanshan. I was eight years old. Because my arms looked weak, my mother trusted that I can hold the baby. Then, I took Shanshan on my arms, and I knew how much I very loved her. My mother had a full-time hob, so we had a person which was in charge of housekeeping and taking care of us. I didn’t want anyone else take care of my sister. Therefore, I feed her, gave her a bath, and changed her clothes. When she was cry, I held her. Now Shanshan has grown up and is tall than I am, but I still treat her as my little sister.

第二節 書面表達(滿分 25 分) 假定你是李華,負責學校英文廣播站。請你給廣播站的顧問 Dr. Brown 寫一封電 子郵件,邀請他參加廣播站十周年慶典。要點如下: 1. 感謝他的指導; 2. 告知參加慶典時間和地點; 3. 邀請他參加慶典并發言。 注意: 1. 詞數 100 左右; 2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫; 、 3. 結語已為你寫好。

英語試卷 A

第 8 頁(共 8 頁)

2016 年適應性測試英語答案及評分參考
第二部分: 21. B 26. B 31. D 36. G 第三部分: 41. B 46. D 51. C 56. A 61. ignored 66. notes
第四部分: 第一節: I remember a first time when I saw my little sister Shanshan. I was eight years old. the Because my arms looked weak, my mother trusted that I can hold the baby. Then, I took Although/Though in so we had a person which was in charge of housekeeping and taking care of us. I didn’t want who/that anyone else ∧ take care of my sister. Therefore, I feed her, gave her a bath, and changed her to clothes. When she was cry, I held her. crying Now Shanshan has grown up and is tall than I am, but I still treat her as my little sister. taller 五、One Possible Version Dear Dr. Brown, Thank you so much for having been our consultant for such a long time. With your guidance, our broadcast station has been making great progress and is very popular with the students. In order to celebrate the 10th anniversary of our station, a celebration will be held in the school
英語試卷 A 第 9 頁(共 8 頁)

22. D 27. D 32. B 37. A

23. A 28. B 33. D 38. C

24. D 29. B 34. A 39. E

25. C 30. A 35. B 40. F

42. A 47. B 52. D 57. C 62. him 67. calmly

43. A 48. A

44. C 49. A

45. A 50. C 55. D 60. D 65. what 70. careful

53. B 54. A 58. B 59. A 63. approached 64. at 68. other 69. were

could

Shanshan on my arms, and I knew how much I very loved her. My mother had a full-time job,

fed

lecture hall at 7:30 next Friday evening. In the celebration, there will be some performances such as singing and dancing, and we can also play games. We would like to invite you to give a speech at the celebration. We would appreciate it if you can spare the time to come. I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

第二節: 一、評分原則 1.本題總分為 25 分,按 5 個檔次給分。 2.評分時,先根據文章的內容和語言初步確定其所屬檔次,然后以該檔次的要求來衡量,確 定或調整檔次,最后給分。 3.詞數少于 80 和多于 120 的,從總分中減去 2 分。 4.評分時應注意的主要內容為:內容要點、應用詞匯和語法結構的豐富性和準確性及上下文 的連貫性。 5.拼寫與標點符號是語言準確性的一個方面。評分時,應視其對交際的影響程度予以考慮。 英、美拼寫及詞匯用法均可接受。 6.如書寫較差以至影響交際,將其分數降低一個檔次。 二、內容要點 1. 感謝他的指導; 2. 告知慶典時間和地點; 3. 邀請他參加慶典并發言。 三、各檔次的給分范圍和要求 第五檔(21~25 分) 完全完成了試題規定的任務。 - 覆蓋所有內容要點。 - 應用了較多的語法結構和詞匯。 - 語法結構或詞匯方面有些許錯誤,但為盡力使用較復雜結構或較高級詞匯所致。 - 有效地使用了語句間的連接成分,使全文結構緊湊。 完全達到了預期的寫作目的。 第四檔(16~20 分) 完成了試題規定的任務。 - 雖漏掉一兩個次重點,但覆蓋所有主要內容。
英語試卷 A 第 10頁(共 8 頁)

- 應用的語法結構和詞匯能滿足任務的要求。 - 語法結構或詞匯方面應用基本準確,些許錯誤主要是因嘗試較復雜語法結構或詞匯所致。 - 應用簡單的語句間連接成分,使全文結構緊湊。 達到了預期的寫作目的。

第三檔(11~15 分) 基本完成了試題規定的任務。 - 雖漏掉一些內容,但覆蓋所有主要內容。 - 應用的語法結構和詞匯能滿足任務的要求。 - 有一些語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,但不影響理解。 - 應用簡單的語句間連接成分,使全文內容連貫。 整體而言,基本達到了預期的寫作目的。

第二檔(6~10 分) 未恰當完成試題規定的任務。 - 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要內容,寫了一些無關內容。 - 語法結構單調,詞匯知識有限。 - 有一些語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,影響了對寫作內容的理解。 - 較少使用語句間的連接成分,內容缺少連貫性。 信息未能清楚地傳達給讀者。

第一檔(1~5 分) 未完成試題規定的任務。 - 明顯遺漏主要內容,寫了一些無關內容,原因可能是未理解試題要求。 - 語法結構單調,詞匯知識有限。 - 較多語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,影響對寫作內容的理解。 - 缺乏語句間的連接成分,內容不連貫。 信息未能傳達給讀者。

0分 未能傳達給讀者任何信息:內容太少,無法評判;所寫內容均與所要求內容無 關或所寫內容無法看清。 四、說明 1.內容要點可用不同方式表達。 2.應緊扣主題,可適當發揮。

英語試卷 A

第 11頁(共 8 頁)


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